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Reference Sites

SEARCH ENGINES & DIRECTORIES - For most successful searches familiarize yourself with advanced features of each tool.

Choose The Best Search for Your Info Needs Find the best places to search for specific types of data
Specialty Search Engines
brief descriptions of many special search engines
Google
easy to use engine to find sites that contain ALL of your search terms. Great images. Google earth is a neat tool.
Alexa
an Amazon & Google sponsored site that provides user rankings
All the Web offers highly relevant searches of web pages, news, pictures. Great for music.
Altavista simple question and multimedia searching (i.e. pictures)
Ask.com type in a question in plain English and click "Ask"!
Dogpile searches multiple search engines for your query, a "metasearch"
Excite a popular broad search engine for the web
Go Network powered by Infoseek, filters adult content
Hotbot another popular engine with special search features
Kartoo a highly visual meta-search engine, that presents results on a map
Looksmart can do category and keyword searches by location
Lycos find graphics, music files, and other specialized content
Metacrawler searches multiple search engines for your query, a "metasearch"
Northern Light search results are organized by "custom search folders"
Webbrain uses concept mapping to make subject categories of your search more visible
Webcrawler a simple, concise meta-search engine
Yahoo Most popular directory


ALMANACS


Information Please Almanac Find answers to your questions in this wide ranging reference work, which includes an almanac, encyclopedia, and dictionary-- plus lots more.
CIA World Factbook
provides detailed country information
Fact Monster a fun almanac designed for middle schoolers
U.S. Census Bureau provides, business, people, and geography information about the U.S.

BIOGRAPHY (Don't forget our subscription databases!)

Internet Public Library Biographies Biographical resources which provide numerous links.
BBC: A-Z Interviews Has audio and video interviews with "cultural greats of the 20th Century talking about their work," brief audio clips and biographical profiles. It can be browsed by name or profession (artists, performers, artists, philosophers, writers).
Biographical Dictionary Very brief descriptions of over 20,000 people
Biographies (Homework Center) Links to biographical information, organized by subject area of the person. Created by the Multnomah County Library.
Conversations With History Distinguished men and women from all over the world talk about their lives and their work.
Distinguished Women of Past and Present "This site has biographies of women who contributed to our culture in many different ways. There are writers, educators, scientists, heads of state, politicians, civil rights crusaders, artists, entertainers, and others. Some were alive hundreds of years ago and some are living today."
Outline of American History Biographies The biographies included in the hypertext book about American History.
Science / Mathematics Biographies and History Combines links to biographies and history related to science and mathematics.
Academy of Achievement profiles of extraordinary individuals
Biography.com over 25,000 biographies from A&E
Distinguished Women bios of women past and present
Inventor Hall of Fame bios by inventor or invention
PBS Biographies offers profiles of notables originally featured in broadcasts
Presidents' Hall contains speeches, profiles of the presidents, first ladies, and vice presidents
Presidents of the US with background info, election results, notable events for each president
Public Figure
learn about people in the news
Uncle Sam's Who's Who in the Federal Government offers bios of major elected officials

FIND PEOPLE ( and their zip codes)

Anywho finds current telephone numbers of people and businesses
Switchboard find a person, a business, e-mail, or create maps and directions
Reverse Phone Directory Backwards directory. Look up by phone #. Be sure to scroll down to second row for free service.
Telephone Directories An index of online phone books, with links to Yellow Pages, White Pages, Business Directories, Email Addresses and Fax Listings from over 216 countries all around the world.
The ZIP Code Look-Up If you need to look up a ZIP Code, the USPS has the answers.

DICTIONARIES & THESAURUSES

WWWebster Dictionary An excellent hypertext, online dictionary and thesaurus offered by the Merriam-Webster Company, a well known publisher of reference books.
Cambridge Dictionaries online ©
Three different Cambridge dictionaries may be searched from this site: International Dictionary of English , Dictionary of American English , and the Learner's Dictionary .
American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language a school staple, offers word roots
The American Heritage® Book of English Usage
A source of information on "grammar, style, diction, word formation, gender, social groups and scientific forms."
Connected Thesaurus (Lexical FreeNet) "Allows you to search for relationships between words, concepts, and people. It is a combination thesaurus, rhyming dictionary, pun generator, and concept navigator." Fun to play with: Includes related word browsing links.
OneLook Dictionaries - Searches various specialized dictionaries, and then organizes their results
The Oxford English Dictionary Check on the historical development and uses of a defined word in the English language.
A Web of Online Dictionaries Hosts an English language dictionary and links to numerous dictionaries for languages of the world. Scroll down the page to access the many links.
Roget's Thesaurus Search Form An online, searchable version of Roget's Thesaurus, a recently updated version, which will find synonyms very quickly, and allow you to link to different major sections with ease.
Babel Fish Translator translates boxes of text or full web pages
Information Please Dictionary and encyclopedia
Law Dictionary defines legal terms
Medical Dictionary defines hundreds of medical terms
Phrase Finder find phrases related to a word
Picture Dictionary a multilingual picture dictionary designed for language learners of all ages
Rhyme Zone type in words to find rhymes and synonyms
YourDictionary.com offers content from more than 1800 dictionaries in more than 250 languages
Webopedia defines computer and Internet terms
Webster's Word Central features links to related words and a rhyming dictionary
Acronym Dictionary Look up the meaning of L.I.F.E.
Homophone Dictionary find words that are phonetically identical but which have different meanings

ENCYCLOPEDIAS

Wikipedia The biggest free-content encyclopedia on the Internet. Can be edited by users. Over two million articles.
Columbia Encyclopedia Contains "nearly 51,000 entries (marshalling six and one-half million words on a vast range of topics), and with more than 80,000 hypertext cross-references."
Infoplease Encyclopedia and Dictionary A combined small encyclopedia and dictionary.
Encyclopedia Mythica An on-line encyclopedia about mythology, folklore, legends, and more..
Britannica includes links to "best" web sites
Britannica Concise Yahoo sponsored site that's good for quick answers to many questions
Encyclopedia.com "because knowledge is cool"
How Stuff Works articles about how things work
HyperHistory search timelines of history
Information Please Encyclopedia and dictionary
Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy philosophical research
Medline Plus medical encyclopedia


MAPS, ATLASES AND GAZETTEERS

Mapquest Find Driving Directions
Altapedia Online
"Contains full color physical and political maps as well as key facts and statistics on countries of the world."
The National Atlas of the United States of America is intended to provide a comprehensive, map-like view into the enormous wealth of data collected by the Federal Government.
Interactive Map Atlas Collection of maps of the world's countries. Also includes a geography glossary, time zones, travel statistics, and other such data.
Map Collection at Perry-Castaneda Many maps from countries around the world are available here, at this excellent online map collection. Maps are organized by continent, and then by country. World maps are also available
Map Machine (National Geographic) Some maps from the world famous National Geographic organization.
U.S. Geological Survey Geographical information for the United States is offered here. See and browse their new section: USGS Information by State for information on Earthquakes, Floods, Maps, Public Health, Volcanoes and other similar/related topics.
U.S. Gazetteer Find geographic facts about places in the U.S.
The World Gazetteer Offers current population figures for cities, towns and places of all countries.
Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names(Research at the Getty)
All the World's Maps index to maps for any country
American Memory Map Collections: 1500-2003
historical maps!
Color Landform Atlas of the United States
includes relief, county, and satellite maps
Historical Atlas of the 20th Century
offers thematic maps
Places in the News maps of areas in the news today
TopoZone
detailed, zoomable, topographic maps of the entire United States
United Nations' Cartographic Section
rich archive of maps of countries, regions, and themes
Weather Maps
from the Weather Channel
World Atlas
from the WorldAtlas.com
Links to Online Gazetteers
Google Earth -
a 3D interface to the planet

QUOTATIONS

Creative Quotations to Inspire Creative Thinking Provides thousands of quotations, organized and searchable by various arrangements (e.g., month, day, theme, famous person.)
Quotations About Libraries and Librarians Subject guide to topical quotations about libraries and librarians.
The Quotations Page Lots of quotations are available here, including the Quote of the Day. Each day a quotation is selected and made available by the click of your mouse. If you want more quotes, try the Random Quotations Page, which chooses new quotes every time you load it.
quoteland.com Quotations on many topics, by many authors, and in many possible fashions.


NEWSPAPERS

NEWS AGENCIES - US

R News

ABC News

CBS News

CNN News

CNN Student News

FOX News

MSNBC News

PBS Newshour


INTERNATIONAL

BBC News

CBC Newsworld

Reuters

CNN Europe

ABYZ Newslinks
a gateway to newspapers, news media, and news sources

New York Times

New York Times Student Connections

Los Angeles Times

Chicago Tribune

The Boston Globe

The Washington Post

The Wall Street Journal

Google News Search

Newspapers Across the US

Newspapers Around the World

Daily Earth 

FRENCH MAGAZINE

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